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Washington Heritage Trail
Jefferson County, WV
About Jefferson County
Harpers Ferry
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Jefferson Rock
Shenandoah Canal
Entler Hotel
Rumsey Monument and Tobacco Warehouse
Morgan's Grove Park
Peter Burr House
Charles Town
Jefferson County Courthouse and Museum
Zion Episcopal Church
Happy Retreat
St. George's Chapel Ruins
Cedar Lawn
Claymont Court/Blakeley
Middleway Historic District
Berkeley County, WV
About Berkeley County
B&O Roundhouse & Station Complex
Belle Boyd House
Berkeley County Courthouse
Triple Brick Museum
General Adam Stephen House
Green Hill Cemetery
Van Metre Ford Bridge
Bunker Hill Mill
Morgan Chapel
Morgan Cabin
Gerrardstown Historic District
Hays Gerrard House
Mill's Gap
Sleep Creek Wildlife Management Area
Hedgesville Historic District
Mt. Zion Episcopal Church
Snodgrass Tavern
Morgan County, WV
About Morgan County
Spruce Pine Hollow Park
Berkeley Springs
Dutch Cemetery
Throgmorton's Inn
Bath Historic District
Berkeley Springs State Park
George Washington's Bathtub
Roman Bath House & Museum of the Berkeley Springs
Washington's Lots
Sir John's Run
Panorama Overlook
Great Cacapon
Camp Hill Cemetery
Paw Paw
Paw Paw Tunnel
Coolfont Manor House
Cacapon State Park

Washington Heritage Trail



By 1842 the B&O Railroad was completed with service to Martinsburg. A roundhouse and maintenance shops were built soon after but destroyed by Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson and his Confederate troops in 1862. The roundhouse facility was rebuilt in 1866, giving birth to a post-war industrial boom. In July 1877, railway workers went on strike for better pay and improved working conditions. Strikers were killed when federal troops broke up the action which initiated the country’s first national labor strike.

The B&O Railroad abandoned the roundhouse and adjacent machine shops in the late 1980s and the neglected facility deteriorated rapidly. The Berkeley County Roundhouse Authority was formed to preserve and restore the 10-acre complex of three buildings and a ruin. The 16-sided, cast iron structure is the only remaining intact roundhouse of its kind.

The Caperton Train Station remains in daily operation for Amtrak. Adjacent to the train station is a hotel built in 1848 with the oldest, intact hotel room in the country. The hotel has been restored and houses the Berkeley County Interpretive Center of the Washington Heritage Trail. A pedestrian bridge over the working railroad tracks takes people from the train station to the restored Roundhouse.

Location: 229 East Martin Street, Martinsburg


Copyright © 2010, Washington Heritage Trail, Inc. Funded in part by the Federal Highway Administration.