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Washington Heritage Trail Visitor Services History Calendar of Events Other Self-Guided Tours Links & Resources
Washington Heritage Trail
Jefferson County, WV
About Jefferson County
Harpers Ferry
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Jefferson Rock
Shenandoah Canal
Entler Hotel
Rumsey Monument and Tobacco Warehouse
Morgan's Grove Park
Peter Burr House
Charles Town
Jefferson County Courthouse and Museum
Zion Episcopal Church
Happy Retreat
St. George's Chapel Ruins
Cedar Lawn
Claymont Court/Blakeley
Middleway Historic District
Berkeley County, WV
About Berkeley County
B&O Roundhouse & Station Complex
Belle Boyd House
Berkeley County Courthouse
Triple Brick Museum
General Adam Stephen House
Green Hill Cemetery
Van Metre Ford Bridge
Bunker Hill Mill
Morgan Chapel
Morgan Cabin
Gerrardstown Historic District
Hays Gerrard House
Mill's Gap
Sleep Creek Wildlife Management Area
Hedgesville Historic District
Mt. Zion Episcopal Church
Snodgrass Tavern
Morgan County, WV
About Morgan County
Spruce Pine Hollow Park
Berkeley Springs
Dutch Cemetery
Throgmorton's Inn
Bath Historic District
Berkeley Springs State Park
George Washington's Bathtub
Roman Bath House & Museum of the Berkeley Springs
Washington's Lots
Sir John's Run
Panorama Overlook
Great Cacapon
Camp Hill Cemetery
Paw Paw
Paw Paw Tunnel
Coolfont Manor House
Cacapon State Park

Washington Heritage Trail





Established along tuscarora creek by general adam Stephen, a longtime associate and sometime rival of George Washington, Martinsburg was incorporated as the county seat in 1778. Stephen named the town for his friend, Lord Fairfax’s nephew Thomas Bryan Martin. George Washington visited Martinsburg on occasion and attended a wedding at historic Aspen Hall.

In 1842, the B&O Railroad arrived bringing new growth and prosperity. Large warehouses and hotels were erected as well as a major railroad complex including a roundhouse and engine repair shops.

As a strategic railroad hub and gateway to the Shenandoah Valley, Martinsburg was hotly contested in the early years of the Civil War, changing hands more than 30 times. It served as both a staging area and a rehabilitation center for retreating troops. In spite of being a reluctant part of the new state of West Virginia, by 1877 Martinsburg was one of three candidates for location of the state capital. Social history was also made in 1877 when agrarian Martinsburg found itself the site of America’s first national labor strike which involved railroad workers.

By the turn of the 20th-century, Martinsburg was an important textile center. The last mill closed in 1970 and many mill buildings have been transformed into commercial, government and education centers. The flourishing 21st century downtown also includes art and cultural activities.

Martinsburg’s several phases of development can be best explored by walking tours of its nine historic districts filled with architecturally significant buildings.

West Virginia’s fastest-growing city, Martinsburg remains the only urban center along the Trail.

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